When you’re in the midst of planning all the details of your wedding day, it’s easy to forget the one thing that signifies that you are actually married: the marriage license. This bit of paperwork isn’t the most exciting task on your road to married life, but it is a requirement for your union to be deemed legal. So how do you go about getting a marriage license? Our guide covers it all below.
A marriage license is a document issued by the government that grants you permission to marry. It indicates that you are both legally eligible to enter into the union (i.e., neither of you are already married, underage, or otherwise ineligible for marriage).
While a marriage license is a permit that legally allows you to get married, the marriage certificate is the official document you receive after your wedding has taken place. The certificate is granted after the marriage license has been returned to, and deemed valid by, the office where it was issued. In other words:
If you do not obtain a marriage license, your marriage will be deemed illegal according to the law. While you can choose to be married in name only, or through a religious organization exclusively, the state will not permit you the rights typically reserved for legally married couples, such as certain tax breaks, social security benefits, joint healthcare plans, and inheritance rights.
Where you get your marriage license depends on where you’re getting married—the office or location that handles them varies by state. Depending on your state, the location might be city hall, the clerk’s office, a designated marriage license bureau, or somewhere else unique to that area.
To learn more about your state’s marriage license requirements, check out U.S. Marriage Laws.
When you should get your marriage license also depends on where your wedding will take place. Each state has its own set of rules for how long the license is valid (the license may expire if you do not get married and return the license to the state within a given number of days) and if there’s a waiting period. The waiting period is either the amount of time you have to wait between applying for and receiving the license, or a designated wait period between receiving the license and when you can tie the knot.
Again, U.S. Marriage Laws is a great resource on this topic, but your local city hall will have the most up-to-date information.
The process for obtaining a marriage license will vary by state (and sometimes city or county), but the process involves an submitting an application and paying a fee. Some states allow you to apply online, but most dictate that you apply in person and that both individuals be present that wish to be married.
The exact requirements depend on the state’s individual laws, but there are a few things you can expect:
Proof of identity (and that you are of legal age to marry)
Proof that you are not currently married
Consult with your state for details on laws governing marriage age, blood test requirements, proxy, common law, and cousin marriages.
Pro Tip: Some applications may ask if you’re planning a name change after marriage. Make sure that you have come to a decision before you apply.
Fees for marriages licenses change range from $10 - $115 depending on the state, city or county where you apply. For accepted payment methods, check with your local licensing office.
Most states require that the marriage license be signed by both spouses, the officiant, and 1-2 witnesses, but, as we’ve mentioned before, every state is different. Be sure to ask for details when you apply for your marriage license.
If you’re planning to wed abroad, you can file for your marriage license two ways:
1. Apply in your home state and have a civil ceremony before or after the destination wedding.
2. Apply for a license in the country you’re getting married in, then have your marriage legally authenticated in your home state.