As you begin to think about the home you’ll be returning to (and building) with your new spouse after your wedding, there are certain categories of housewares that you’ll probably want to understand a bit better. In our Beginner’s Guide series, we’ll walk you category by category through all the essentials that make for a happy and functional home. From wine glasses to suitcases, we’ll provide all the definitions, distinctions, and criteria you need to know in order to make educated registry decisions.

When it comes to kitchen essentials, no home can go without pots and pans. Whether you’re searing steaks, sautéing vegetables, cooking pasta, or warming up soup, these instruments are necessary for all of your culinary endeavors.

What Are Pots and Pans?

Pots and pans are food preparation tools intended for use on a cooktop. They’re made from some type or combination of metals. Pots are characterized by deep, bowl-like structures with handles, while pans have flatter, wider bottoms with sloping sides that also attach to a handle. Pots are used to hold and heat up food in greater volumes, while pans are used to cook food over larger surface areas.

Do I Need Pots and Pans?

If you have a kitchen in your home that includes a stovetop, and cook even once a month, you need pots and pans to prepare meals from the most basic to the most elaborate.

How Many Pots and Pans Do I Need?

Pots and pans come in many different shapes and sizes. As they’re quite versatile, many of their uses overlap. If you are an experienced chef, you might need a larger variety of pots and pans than a beginner cook would require. We recommend a bare minimum of two pots and two pans—a large and small size of each. See below for our recommendations for both beginner and experienced home chefs, and read on for definitions of these types of pots and pans.

Pots and Pans for a Beginner Cook:

  • 1 small saucepan
  • 1 large stock pot
  • 1 small fry/saute pan (8”-10”)
  • 1 large fry/saute pan (10”-12”)

Pots and Pans for an Experienced Cook:

  • 1 small saucepan (1.5 qt)
  • 1 medium saucepan (2.5 qt)
  • 1 large saucepan (3.5 qt)
  • 1 large stock pot (6-8 qt)
  • 1 small fry pan (8”)
  • 1 medium fry pan (10”)
  • 1 large fry pan (12”)
  • 1 large saute pan with lid (3 qt)
  • 1 grill pan
  • 1 dutch oven
  • 1 wok
  • 1 roasting pan

What Are The Different Pot and Pan Materials?

From nonstick coating to enameled cast-iron, there are many options to choose from when it comes to pot and pan materials. Here’s a quick breakdown and their pros and cons:

Aluminum

Aluminum conducts heat extremely well, but needs processing to make it great for cooking. When strengthened with other metals, it creates affordable and lightweight cookware—but aluminum alone will react with acidic foods. Processes like lining with nonstick coating, cladding with stainless steel, or anodizing make aluminum a versatile, effective choice for cookware.

Pros:

  • Affordable
  • Lightweight
  • High-performing
  • Combines of best aspects of nonstick, stainless steel, and aluminum in one pan

Cons:

  • Less durable
  • Cannot be used on induction stovetop (unless clad with steel exterior)
  • Dishwasher and oven use varies

Copper

Copper is the most conductive of the materials on this list, so copper pans heat up and cool down quickly. Prized by professionals as being the most “responsive,” meaning it responds most quickly to a change in cooking temperature, the control and precision that copper cookware offers makes it top-of-the-line—as seen in its price tag.

Pros:

  • Most responsive cookware
  • Offers the most precise method of cooking with great results
  • Beautiful physically—can be displayed in the kitchen

Cons:

  • Most expensive of all cookware
  • Must be lined with tin in order to prevent reaction with food minerals and acids
  • Requires maintenance for performance (re-tinning) and appearance (polishing)
  • Not dishwasher safe
  • Cannot be used on an induction cooktop

Stainless Steel

Stainless steel is one of the most durable and anti-corrosive types of metals. Since stainless steel by itself does not conduct heat well, this type of cookware is usually made by permanently bonding layers of stainless steel to aluminum and copper (“cladding”).

Pros:

  • Very durable, practical, and versatile
  • Will not react with acidic or alkaline foods
  • Nonreactive interior won’t change food’s color or flavor
  • Won’t pit or scratch easily
  • Dishwasher, oven, and broiler safe
  • Low maintenance

__Cons: __

  • The best stainless steel cookware (“clad”) is expensive
  • Heavy to handle

Cast Iron

Cast iron is a time-honored material for pots and pans due to its durability. Iron’s lack of conductivity means that it is slow to heat and cool, which makes it a good choice for cooking items that benefit from a gradual cook time. Natural cast iron requires “seasoning” to prevent rust, which then creates a nonstick surface. Enameled cast iron is naturally nonreactive and nonstick, but more expensive.

Pros:

  • Extremely durable
  • Won’t warp, chip, or dent
  • Natural cast iron is very affordable
  • Enameled cast iron comes in beautiful, colorful glazes
  • Will last a lifetime

Cons:

  • Heavy to handle
  • Natural cast iron requires seasoning to maintain finish
  • Enameled cast iron is expensive

Nonstick

Pots and pans with nonstick surfaces have become very popular due to their easy clean-up and their ability to cook with minimal amounts of butter or oil. The interior of these pans are chemically coated with a material that prevents foods from sticking to them, but they must be properly maintained in order to protect this coating (and prevent it from breaking down into your food).

Pros:

  • Promote healthy cooking
  • Easy to clean
  • Generally lightweight
  • Can find affordable sets

Cons:

  • Must avoid very high heat to preserve nonstick integrity
  • Cannot use metal utensils or anything that would scratch the surface
  • Cannot use scrub pads to clean; must use soft sponges or brushes

Ceramic

Ceramic pots and pans are another type of nonstick cookware, but are made without the potentially harmful chemicals found in regular nonstick pots and pans. Ceramic cookware is relatively new on the market but is growing in popularity thanks to its environmentally friendly approach to nonstick cooking.

Pros:

  • Nonstick interiors are easy to clean and require minimal fats
  • Come in a variety of colors and finishes

Cons:

  • Should avoid high heat to maintain nonstick finish
  • Must clean off very well after each use to avoid oil build-up (which ruins the surface)

What Pot and Pan Material Is Right for Me?

As you’ve just read, pots and pans are made from a variety of different materials. When deciding what is right for you, consider what you value most:

  • If you want easy clean up, choose a nonstick coating.
  • If you want something affordable, consider aluminum.
  • If you’re looking for a display-worthy finish, go with copper.
  • If you want something indestructible, order cast-iron.
  • If you need professional-level durability, stick with stainless steel.

What Are The Different Styles of Pots and Pans?

1. Sauté Pan

This is your most basic and versatile pan. It has straight sides and a large surface area to touch the heat. It is ideal for cooking meats and sautéeing vegetables. You should register for at least one of these Sauce & Saute Pans.

2. Skillet (or Fry Pan)

Skillets, also known as fry pans, are different from sauté pans in their shape. These have sloping sides so it’s easier to stir ingredients and cook food slower, making them ideal for preparing foods like scrambled eggs and stir fry. If you like easy cooking where you can mix and heat all at the same time, this is the pan for you. Browse our collection of skillets.

3. Grill Pan

This is a more specialty piece of cookware. It is perfect for getting authentic outdoor grilling flavor and appearance on an indoor stove. If you love a smokey taste and sear marks on your beef and vegetables, you will love this pan. This grill pan from Lodge was actually the most popular Registry Item in seven different states in 2018! Check out all of our grill pans.

4. Saucepan

This pan is deep and very rounded, perfect for making reductions. If you and your fiancé(e) eat a lot of Italian cuisine, you need this pan: one of its most common uses is for boiling water to cook pasta. It can also be used to simmer vegetables, heat up liquids, and make sauces. This version from Calphalon has a straining cover with pour spouts, making it even easier to perfect your Marinara, or check out many other options of pans.

5. Large Stock Pot

This is another very versatile piece of cookware. A large pot made from thinner metal, this pot is perfect for stewing soups, making large batches of sauce, or boiling large vegetables. Browse our selection of stock pot options—if you cook for large groups often, this will definitely come in handy.

6. Dutch Oven

This weighty, lidded pot competes for cabinet space with a stock pot, so you should weigh the pros and cons of each to decide which you’d rather own. A dutch oven is much heavier than a stock pot since it is made from thicker material, and is a bit smaller. However, it is more versatile. Dutch ovens can be used on a stove top as well as in an oven, and can cook just about any stew, meat, vegetable, and even some breads. Cult classic brand Le Creuset’s Dutch Oven is known for its colorful options of cast-iron enamels and its longevity; it’s a kitchen keepsake that will last you a lifetime. View all of our dutch ovens.

7. Roasting Pan

If you plan to host Thanksgiving or other holiday dinners, a roasting pan is a must. Even if you’re just a big fan of making roasted chicken for a quiet date night in, a roasting pan is a kitchenware essential that will elevate your oven game and expand your cooking repertoire. Shop for roasting pans (hint: a nonstick interior will make for easy clean-up).

8. Wok

A wok is a large, deep-sided fry pan that provides the maximum amount of cooking surface for ingredients like vegetables and thin cuts of protein that should be tossed quickly on high heat. If you’re a busy person who still likes to cook at home, making this type of stir fry meal is a lifesaver. You’ll never know how you lived without a wok once you incorporate this beginner’s essential into your cookware rotation, so choose one for your registry now.

Now that you’re no longer a beginner on the subject of pots and pans, register for these kitchen essentials by browsing our full collection of cookware below.

Don’t want to register for each pot and pan individually? Check out our collection of cookware sets.